Drone view of Meacham Park. (Wolfgang Frick)
Drone view of Meacham Park.

Wolfgang Frick

“Sectored off”: Meacham Park

June 9, 2020

 Winter White-Banks, sophomore, and her friends rushed through the halls on Friday, discussing where to go as school let out. The group bounced ideas off one another, but ultimately failed to decide on a location, so Winter invited them to her house.

With her offer, however, the group grew uneasy–Winter lives in South Kirkwood, an area better known as Meacham Park. Finally, one girl spoke up.

“How about we go get pizza?”

Annexation and Kirkwood Commons

Meg Murphy

Annexation and Kirkwood Commons

Before 1991, Meacham was Kirkwood’s southern neighbor —a primarily black, unincorporated part of St. Louis County surrounded by wealthier and whiter communities. Timothy Griffin, current Mayor of Kirkwood, said once Meacham Park students started attending KSD, a movement began to annex the historical community.

“Over the years there was neglect in Meacham Park from the county, and they were not getting the services the community of Kirkwood was getting,” Griffin said. “The communities were getting closer through schools, and in the late ‘80s, [people started saying] ‘Let’s annex if the residents of Meacham Park and the citizens of Kirkwood want to annex. They’re already part of our community, so let’s make it officially a neighborhood in Kirkwood.’”

When Kirkwood moved to annex Meacham Park in 1991, more than 70 percent of Meacham Park residents voted in favor, hoping their more affluent neighbor could bring improved city services. Romona Miller, assistant principal, began teaching at KHS in 1992 following a career in real estate development, after Meacham Park became a neighborhood in Kirkwood.

“I can remember early on when I first came here, I looked at [Meacham Park] and made a statement that any [land] speculator who was coming in and looking to make money, that would be an area to do it,” Miller said. “In my role, that’s what I did. I took an area and changed it from what it was because it was prime real estate.”

With the relatively small houses, the cheap land surrounded by wealthier suburbs and the proximity to Interstate 44, Miller said Meacham Park was prime real estate. So she was not surprised when Kirkwood announced the construction of Kirkwood Commons, a new shopping center housing Walmart and Target, on the new territory. Griffin said the majority of Meacham Park residents supported the construction because they believed it could bring economic opportunity to the community.

“For the most part [Kirkwood Commons] was very much supported by the residents of Meacham Park,” Griffin said. “There were some [residents] who didn’t favor it but the great majority were part of it, gave input on it and felt it would be a real improvement to the community, and it has [been.]”

However, to build the shopping center, Kirkwood needed to buy two-thirds of the residential property in Meacham Park. Many residents sold their houses to the city voluntarily, but others had their homes taken through eminent domain, in which the government takes private property and compensates the owner. Griffin said some of the residents left permanently while others agreed to have a new house built in Meacham Park through house-for-a-house. Harriet Patton, president of the Meacham Park Neighborhood Improvement Association (MNIA), said the conditions for building a new house made many residents of Meacham Park feel like second-rate citizens.

“The house-for-a-house was with restrictions, and the restrictions were you could have a house-for-a-house if it was built in [Meacham Park], not if it was in Kirkwood proper,” Patton said. “A person that owned a house in Meacham Park could not be awarded a house on Adams Street in Kirkwood, even though the annexation would [mean Meacham is in] Kirkwood.”

Griffin cited improvements such as better roads, housing stock and increased economic opportunity, but the construction project caused Meacham’s population to drop by 28.3 percent, according to St. Louis Magazine in 2008. Some residents felt like Kirkwood compromised their community and others felt cheated or separated from the rest of Kirkwood.

Kirkwood City Hall shooting and aftermath

Meg Murphy

Kirkwood City Hall shooting and aftermath

According to St. Louis Magazine, a Meacham Park resident named Cookie Thornton strongly supported both the annexation and the construction of Kirkwood Commons, believing Kirkwood would offer his asphalt and demolition business construction contracts on the project. When the developers did not hire his business and he received numerous tickets for parking his construction equipment in a residential neighborhood under Kirkwood’s new ordinances, Thornton believed Kirkwood was participating in a racist conspiracy against him and Meacham Park. He filed a federal lawsuit against the city, protested outside Kirkwood City Hall and disrupted City Council meetings without success.

“I think most people realized that the city really wasn’t treating Cookie badly,” Griffin said. “Cookie was one of us, and I knew him since I was a kid. He had some beefs that probably weren’t legitimate, but [they were] legitimate from other people’s perspectives.”

On Feb. 7, 2008, Cookie Thornton once again walked into a City Council meeting. He held two handguns and a sign saying “The unrest in Meacham Park will continue until the racist plantation mentality of the Kirkwood officials are addressed.” Then, he opened fire on the council members, killing six people. The rampage elevated Kirkwood’s divisions.

“I think it brought the conversation to, ‘Even if there’s not realities, what [are the] perceptions of all of this; what is it that a resident of Meacham Park may think about the city?’” Griffin said. “‘Is it a bad perspective, and should we be doing something differently to make sure everyone feels more included?’”

Griffin said he and the rest of the City Council invited in the Human Relations division from the Department of Justice to lead discussions among residents of Meacham Park, Kirkwood city government and the rest of Kirkwood. This morphed into the Human Rights Commission, which is an ongoing forum for conversation about race relations in Kirkwood. The Kirkwood Police Department began periodically grilling hot dogs with residents of Meacham Park. The attempts to bring the community together also went beyond government, as churches and civic groups worked to cross the divide through seminars. Kirkwood United Methodist Church, a predominately white church near Downtown Kirkwood, held the funeral for Cookie Thornton to bridge the gap and now hosts an annual prayer vigil the Sunday after the shooting as part of its Kirkwood Social Justice Coalition initiative. According to Jess Horsley, director of youth and family ministries, creating these spaces for the community to come together is essential to addressing the divide in Kirkwood.

 “I think whenever there is a tragedy like the shooting, it makes people focus on not only the tragedy itself but then the causes,” Horsley said. “ That’s just natural human reaction. There are a lot of people who are willing to engage with each other and have these conversations and be a part of the solution.”

Patton and MNIA worked closely with Kirkwood city officials to give Meacham Park a more prominent role in the community and Griffin said Patton plans activities the City of Kirkwood  participates in. One of their primary goals was to create a positive dialogue between residents of Meacham Park and the rest of Kirkwood.

“Ever since 2008, it’s been more coming together, working together and staying together,” Patton said. “You see organizationally, our structure has been built around positivity.”

Patton said this positivity showed at the 2019 fifth annual Martin Luther King Jr. celebration at KHS, a collaboration between MNIA, KSD and Kirkwood city government. As Miller, Horsley and a diverse crowd looked on, Patton, Griffin and other city leaders linked hands on stage. Patton emphasized one phrase.

“More coming together.”

“They’re not considered Kirkwood kids”

Julia Knoll

“They’re not considered Kirkwood kids”

Despite the show of Kirkwood solidarity, they all agree progress can still be made. Miller said she particularly sees the disconnect between students from Meacham Park and students from the rest of Kirkwood at KHS.

“It’s all Kirkwood now, but they are still referred to as our kids who come from Meacham Park,” Miller said. “So there still is an implicit bias there just by the fact that they’re not considered Kirkwood kids. They’re considered kids from Meacham Park.”

Meacham Park’s location plays a role into its isolation: Interstate 44 borders it to the south and east, while Kirkwood Commons shields it from other Kirkwood neighborhoods to the west.  When Latanya Caffey, junior, moved there almost two years ago, she saw it as physically and socially separate from the rest of Kirkwood.

“You don’t associate with anyone else, you only associate with the people inside Meacham Park,” Caffey said. “When you go outside of Meacham Park, you go out with the Meacham Park kids. You don’t go out with anyone else.”

Winter does go out and talk to other people, like the friends she leaves seventh hour with. She’ll introduce herself, make small talk and the conversation will be going great, until she mentions that she lives in Meacham Park. Then, the conversations become tense—she said they see her neighborhood as violent and dangerous. They see her neighborhood as technically part of Kirkwood, but not truly a part of the community. They see her neighborhood as an area beyond a wall of stores at Kirkwood Commons that they have never ventured to.

“It’s weird to [know] the people I go to school with can’t come over to where I live even though it’s around the corner from where you’re hanging out,” White-Banks said. “People think of Meacham as dangerous, but I don’t think of it that way. I’m a part of the community and I see the inside of it.”

Winter said she sees a neighborhood that welcomed her when she moved in. She sees a neighborhood where kids play in the park and everyone comes together for barbecues. She sees a neighborhood where her mom is everyone else’s mom and her friends’ moms are her mom. She sees her neighborhood, Meacham Park, as one big, loving family.

“We’re not any different from you,” White-Banks said. “The only difference is we live in someplace sectored off. It’s not [your] fault, but don’t make it seem like it’s ours either, so try to make an effort.”

View Comments (15)
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Comments (15)

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  • J

    Jordan BeveridgeAug 9, 2021 at 4:33 pm

    Ethan, I’m currently working on a small project on Kirkwood and Meacham Park history. It was really difficult to find good sources of information, especially expressing views of Kirkwood and Meacham community residents. This article is very well written and taught me so much about the topic. Thank you for spending time on it!

  • D

    DerekApr 10, 2021 at 3:40 pm

    And now it’s erased like every other community. According to google maps the area is now Windsor Springs. Brentwood Promenade, Maplewood Commons, Mill Creek Valley, Kinloch soon to be West U City. Will all be folklores in the future.

  • C

    CharlesJun 8, 2020 at 5:39 am

    As a Meacham Park Resident, and my Family (Spears) being there from the beginning…. I enjoyed finding this article and seeing ppl appreciate what MP was and what happened to it. My grandma wasn’t fortunate to go to KHS… She went to Turner HS, so I loved the education and experience I received from KHS. St Louis is not a friendly overall city for Blacks BUT the experience at KHS was not the same. I have some wonderful friendships and relationships with my classmates. Thanks for this article…. I am currently deployed and it put a smile on my face.
    – Charles Williams, Military Combat Disabled Veteran, KHS C/O 1999,

  • M

    Michele McIntoshMay 21, 2020 at 1:36 am

    A belated comment. Thank you for this article.

    As a white kid growing up in Kirkwood in the 70s and 80s, I considered Meacham Park the most vibrant part of our town. Every fall I’d sit on the curb on Kirkwood Road watching the Green Tree Parade, and the highlight was always the Meacham Park Crown Royal Motorcycle Club, with the Meacham Park Drum Line and Drill Team.

    As a second grader and third grader I shared a bus with kids from Meacham Park on our way to and from the short lived New Pittman Open Classroom Grade school, which provided a two year temporary home for kids who previously would have attended the recently closed Turner, Rose Hill, and Pittman grade schools. It was the highlight of my childhood, and our daily bus ride was the best part. Our bus driver Mary led us in songs along the entire route, and as we entered Meacham Park from Kirkwood Road, near the Howard Johnson’s, we thrilled at the fun of bouncing as high as possible in the back of the bus as the tires dipped into potholes on the steep asphalt slope down into the unincorporated neighborhood. On our first ride into my classmates’ neighborhood, I recognized the difference in infrastructure maintenance from my own, and I was confused and felt a sense of what I would later recognize as shame.

    This shame increased in middle school at Nipher, when black classmates I knew from grade school at Pittman, New Pittman, and Henry Hough grade schools were suddenly in classes at the opposite end of school, and I barely ever had a class with any of them again. I knew they were at least as smart, if not smarter than me, but they had been tracked into an educational path with lower expectation and opportunity. This continued at KHS. I witnessed it, but didn’t know how to help fix it. I saw it as a loss for our community as a whole, and especially for these kids who had been held back for no good reason.

    I consoled myself in highschool in the 80s that at least KHS had a fairly representative proportion of black students, thanks to Meacham Park and the Deseg program with the city at the time, but the truth is that our school system let our black classmates down, and our classes were still racially and economically segregated, despite overall numbers that symbolized an integrated system.

    I have been sad to see (from a distance) Kirkwood’s schools slip further from the racially integrated ideal I experienced in the mid 70s in grade school.

    Our society will be more healthy when we recognize the value of all of our brothers and sisters.

  • J

    Jane Jud - AlmstedtSep 5, 2019 at 10:33 pm

    Many friends and classmates came from Meachum and most of us didn’t care where we lived, we were classmates. I knew Cookie because his brother was a classmate. I wasn’t pleased when I found out that so many of the homes in the Kirkwood area were being torn down and large very expensive homes or commercial buildings were being put in their place. Your article was quite interesting to read. I haven’t lived in the area for 42 years, but still enjoy visiting.

  • A

    Alex ManseMar 11, 2019 at 8:25 am

    Ethan, I commend you for your work and journalistic integrity in dealing with a very complex social-economic issue that few have been able to fully comprehend over the course of many years. This article is another example of the genius and possibilities that are the best representation of all of Kirkwood and Meacham Park. As someone caught in the middle of this seemingly endless debate since the day I was born, rather than use this forum to further the discontent with personal biases or myopic self serving points of view, I’d prefer to celebrate you and the journalistic gift that is TKC. I maintain hope that the Kirkwood-Meacham Park relationship someday finds a fair and equitable resolve that makes us all better and not bitter. It is in the best interest of us all to continue the conversation in a way represented by this well written article. Thank you.

  • M

    Mrs. Antona Brent SmithFeb 27, 2019 at 7:39 am

    Ethan, great work. You did a lot of research and encapsulated a lot of the history. I moved to Kirkwood, in a neighborhood behind the Magic House, in 2007, a few months before the shooting. I never heard of Meacham Park before I came here and when I did hear of it, thought it was a separate suburb. We moved here from Lee’s Summit and were not used to the divided municipalities that are replete in the county. My son graduated from KHS in 2012. My daughters are on 2020 (she is on the call with you) and 2022. Their experience in Kirkwood has been interesting, as Black girls who live on the other side of town. What I know to be true is there was damage done to the hearts and property of people who called the area home. I know the bias of Kirkwood. I know there is still work to do, especially as our overbuilding and internal gentrification has attracted people here without an understanding of the history. I know the teens bear the brunt of adult bias and I know that the conversation is not over. Thank you for your great work on this article, your research, and your objective reporting of what is going on. Ignore the naysayers. I look forward to a follow-up article. BTW, my daughter is the one who told me I should read this and that it is a very well written piece. She was right. Keep that journalistic integrity. Kudos!

  • H

    H. L. HallFeb 26, 2019 at 3:42 pm

    Wow! You really did your research. You came up with some super sources that gave you some dynamite quotes. The Call is blessed to have you on its staff. This is an award-winner for sure. Keep up the good work.

  • M

    Maureen GuzyFeb 20, 2019 at 8:20 am

    What an article! Winter’s choice of topic, research, and ability to tell the story are amazing. Intuitive and talented, Winter will surely find success in the future, congratulations! Now, I hope Winter will use her research and journalism skills to discover and record stories from and about Meacham Park’s early and rich history.

  • B

    Ben FreudenburgFeb 18, 2019 at 10:29 am

    Great article, when I was DCE at Concordia Kirkwood the church held a number of servant events in Meacham Park. We built relationships with the people and the church in Meacham. A number of the Meacham Youth started attending Logos. We found this historic black community was filled with history and story. We also found a great divide. We were trying to be a bridge. Brings back many memories good and others sad.

  • T

    Tom MendelsonFeb 16, 2019 at 12:08 pm

    This piece is journalism at its best. Without editorialzing, your legwork has yielded viewpoints of others sufficient in their diversity to prompt thinking in any careful and open-minded reader on the exquisitely delicate issues raised. (I’m in stark disagreement with the negativity above expressed by Mr. Initials.) You have fulfilled the highest duty of a reporter by reporting with open eyes and sensitivity on a topic — race — that by its nature is bound to rattle the shackles of some. In all respects — the research, the writing, the layout, as well as the choice of subject — you’ve done work beyond your years. I’m proud to know you.

  • J

    Joan FreudenburgFeb 16, 2019 at 9:30 am

    Ethan, this is an outstanding article. I can see you did an amazing amount of research and speaking to others to find information. You opened my eyes. When I taught at Concordia, Kirkwood in 1957-1959 I didn’t even realize there was a Meacham Park. I am proud of you and look forward with much anticipation to see where you go in life. I’ll be proud to say I know you. Your Mom and Dad must be bursting with pride.

  • T

    T M CFeb 16, 2019 at 9:25 am

    Very well written article, however, full of opinions and unsupported views. As a follow up, you might include actual crime statistics from Meacham over time versus the other neighborhoods in Kirkwood. This would support or negate the assumptions that Meacham is “dangerous” or not.
    Also, finding building plots in Kirkwood has been difficult for quite some time. House-for-house trades would not house-for-house if a new house was offered in an area that would afford it a greater value. That would not be house-for-house and an unreasonable expectation. Iin addition, if the new house was not in the current neighborhood then the argument would have been that you are displacing my family and breaking up my neighborhood.

  • J

    Jane MendelsonFeb 15, 2019 at 4:31 pm

    I liked many things about this article, Ethan: the clear, condensed historical picture of the areas; your choice of elucidating quotes from many of your fellow students as well as prominent figures in the community; the way you zeroed in on the continuing barriers, both physical and in human nature. I hope your personal distillation of the situation may inspire residents of all ages, from both sides of the divide, to renew their efforts toward understanding and appreciating one another.

  • V

    Victor PeterFeb 15, 2019 at 10:08 am

    Ethan, this is a great article. Khs and your parents should be very proud of you. I certainly am!